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Table of Contents

Preface. ...........................................................8

Esoteric Movements in the Twentieth Century. ..............................8

The Authentic Orthodox Esoteric Tradition Has Surfaced Again... .9

The Work of B. Mouravieff, Gnosis: Exoteric, Mesoteric and Esoteric Cycles. ........................................................................................11

The Thesis Extracted from Gnosis I Introduction and which Constitutes the Subject of this Work  .............................................................13

 

Introductory: ...................................................15

The Crisis of the Christian Religion. ........................................................15

Its Proper Understanding and Its Eventual Solution. ................................15

Prelude: Philosophy and Religion. .................................................15

Religious Crisis: Its Causes and Remedies, According to the Church. 17

The Law of Equilibrium between Form and Content. Its application Elucidates the Problem and Suggests the Right Solution. ..................24

The Law of Form and Content and the Steps of St. Paul’s Program.. .......................................................................................................29

 

Chapter 1. ........................................................35

St. Paul's Program.. 35

St. Paul's Program as Mentioned in Gnosis volume 1. ......................35

Commentaries around Gnosis and St. Paul’s Program.. ...................37

An Overview of the “Way”. ...........................................................38

Definition of the Meaning of the Two Important Terms: Program and Formula  .......................................................................................38

Evolution of Faith. .........................................................................39

The Creed and The Mysteries. ......................................................40

A Faith that has Become Knowledge. ...........................................40

The Dynamic And Lively Exposition Of The elements Of The Doctrine  ......................................................................................44

Objections and Revolt of the Christian of Good Faith Confronted with the Apparent Paradoxes of the Adult Doctrine. .............................45

The Middle Ages and The Predominance of the Religious Mentality. 46

The Necessity for Religion to Develop. ..........................................50

Contemporary Man and The Myth of Salvation. .............................51

The Intellect has Pervaded in all Domains except That of Religion... 52

There Only Exist Four Ways to Comprehend Man’s Exterior and Interior Worlds  .............................................................................54

Knowledge and Love. ....................................................................55

The Absolute Necessity of Confirming the Acquisition of Faith and Hope by Means of Knowledge  .....................................................55

The Times have come for Mysteries to be Unveiled. .......................56

Science and Philosophy in the Past and Modern Eras..................... 57

The Chaos of the Modern Era. ......................................................59

Reason and Faith. .........................................................................59

Theologal Virtues.......................................................................... 61

 

Chapter 2. .......................................................62

FAITH.. ..............................................................................................62

1- How to Differentiate Between To Believe and To Have Faith. 62

2- Faith..................................................................................... 64

Essence of Faith. .......................................................................65

Faith Cannot be Acquired Instantaneously................................. 70

The Letter Kills but the Spirit Vivifies. .......................................70

The Oral Tradition and the Three Cycles of Original Christian Teaching  ..................................................................................72

The Oral Tradition is The Only Means to Vivify the Written Scriptures  .................................................................................73

Elements of Faith. .......................................................................74

The Three Versions of the Creed Also Called the Symbol of the Apostles  ........................................................................................75

Explanation and Commentary in Depth on Some Items of the Creed. 77

Three Main Articles of the Christian’s Creed. ..................................78

1- The General Resurrection. ...........................................................79

2-Sin. .............................................................................................85

3-Adam's fall ..................................................................................94

The Myth of Adam and Eve and the Disclosure of its Deep Meaning. .......................................................................................................97

 

Chapter 3. ......................................................100

HOPE. ..................................................................................................100

I. DEFINITION and ESSENCE. ..........................................................100

Foundation of Hope for St. Paul ...................................................100

Divine Grace

St. Augustine’s Definition of the Essence of Hope. .........................101

Courage is Inseparable from Hope. .............................................102

The Church’s Conception of Hope. ...............................................103

The meaning of St. Paul’s sentence: we are saved in Hope....... 103

the church and the Jews’ rejection of the Messiah. .....................104

II. HOPE IN THE ADVENT OF CHRIST. ............................................104

Christ’s Crucifixion saved Christians in Hope

First Advent of Christ ....................................................................105

Historical Necessity of the Advent of Christ ...................................106

The Jewish Rebellion. ....................................................................107

The Crucial necessity for Christ’s first advent ..............................108

The Jewish people and their second rebellion. ...........................108

III. HOPE IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN.. ...................................112

Faith and Hope in Christianity. ......................................................112

The Kingdom of Heaven Is the main object of Christian Hope. ....112

The True Meaning of Hope in the Context of Salvation. .................113

Hope as the only force to overcome difficulties on the Way........ 113

IV. HOPE & LOVE: THE GREAT ADVENTURE OF JESUS, HIS APOSTLES & HIS SAINTS  ................................................................114

 


Chapter 4. ......................................................116

Knowledge

I- The Categories: The Innate Frames of the Human Understanding. ..................................................................................................116

The Necessity of The Program. ..................................................118

Historical Recapitulation: The Orient, the Occident and the Fate of the Program. ...................................................................................120

A) The Orient.

B) The Occident. .......................................................................121

C) The Fate of the Program. ......................................................122

Form and Content. .....................................................................124

Renewal of the Human Intellect ...................................................125

The Assimilation of Philosophy into Christianity. ...........................127

Philosophical Concepts Incorporated in the christian Doctrine by the Apostles, the Fathers of the Church and the Oecumenical Councils. 128

The Original Meaning of Gnosis. ....................................................130

II- The end of the Middle Ages and the Rise of the modern Society. .....................................................................................................134

SCHOLASTICISM. ....................................................................134

Saint Augustine. ............................................................................137

John Scot Erigena and the medieval Mystic Schools. ......................142

Saint Thomas Acquinas and Aristotle. ............................................145

The Realists and the Nominalists. ...................................................152

Descartes: The Triumph of Reason. ...............................................155

Principal Concepts of Descartes’ philosophy: .................................156

The Irreversible Current Initiated by Cartesian Philosophy. .............159

Agnosticism. .................................................................................159

Main Features of Kantian Philosophy. ...........................................160

Implications of Agnosticism. ..........................................................163

Atheism.. ......................................................................................165

Materialism. ..................................................................................165

Positivism.. ....................................................................................167

FEUERBACH AND ATHEISM... ...............................................169

Nihilism.. ......................................................................................170

HOPE AMONG THE RUINS OF THE PHILOSOPHIES OF THE ABSURD  ................................................................................... 170

I. The New Intellectual Atmosphere. .................................................171

III- GNOSIS: OBJECTIVE KNOWLEDGE STARTS WITH SELF KNOWLEDGE  ...........................................................................174

The Popular Understanding of the Word SALVATION.. ............174

Towards An Authentic Definition of Salvation: ................................176

Man’s tripartite Structure. ............................................................177

The Personality or psyche: The extensive modern psychological studies gave us nothing about the structure of the human psychic organism. .....................................................................................179

The Immortal Soul or Spirit: ...........................................................190

The Technique of salvation: ...........................................................193

A) Sin. ..........................................................................................193

B) Repentance. .............................................................................194

C) True Conversion. .....................................................................195

 

Post face. .......................................................199